Assam Lemons are rare citrus found only in select tropical regions of India and are cultivated in high humidity and heavy rainfall. They are small to medium in size, averaging 5-10 centimeters in length, and are oblong, cylindrical, and elongated in shape. The smooth, thin rind is firm, covered in prominent pores, and is green when young, transforming to yellow when mature. The flesh is pale green, soft, juicy, and divided into 8-10 segments by thin, white membranes. They are aromatic and full of volatile oils, offering an intense citrus-lime scent and have a sweet, tangy, and mildly acidic flavor.
In India, Kaji Nemu limes are known as the “queen of all citrus fruits” and are used as a treatment for digestive maladies and aromatherapy. The limes can be preserved for several years by being covered in salt for a few days, rubbed with mustard oil, and sun-dried. Kaji Nemu lime seeds can also be removed, ground, and mixed with a small amount of water and prescribed for threadworms. In addition to its medicinal properties, Kaji Nemu lime trees are a common backyard plant in Assam, India and are a symbol of prestige. Today the trees are utilized for the fruit’s juice and are used for lemonade, sour curries, and teas